≡ Menu

What is the Tao and the Tao te Ching?

The Story-Telling, Game Theorist, Troubleshooter, and Taoist Problem-Solver


Helping people to create better lives through efficiency, effectiveness, precision, self-awareness, Eastern Wisdom and game-based strategies.


Q. I often encounter the word “Tao” in pop culture and learned that it originated in a book called the Tao te Ching. Can you tell me more about this book and share some insights from it?


A. The Tao Te Ching, also known by its pinyin romanization Dao De Jing, is a Chinese classic text consisting of 81 deeply profound poems or entries. The work is traditionally credited to the 6th-century BC sage, Lao Tzu. The text’s authorship, date of composition and date of compilation are debated. The oldest excavated portion dates back to the late 4th century BC, but modern scholarship dates other parts of the text as having been written—or at least compiled—later than the earliest portions of the Zhuangzi.


The Tao Te Ching, along with the Chuang Tzu, is a fundamental text for both mystic philosophical and religious Taoism. It also strongly influenced other schools of Asian philosophy and religion, including Chinese Legalism, Confucianism, and Buddhism, including Zen Buddhism in Japan. Many elements of Chinese culture were largely interpreted through the use of Taoist words and concepts when it was originally introduced to China. Many Chinese artists, including poets, painters, calligraphers, meditation teachers, and gardeners, have used the Tao Te Ching as a source of inspiration, and a guide to self-awareness.

Its influence has spread widely outside East Asia and it is among the most translated works in world literature.

There have been many English translations produced over the past few centuries. One of the most accurate translations was a version edited as a meta-analysis by myself and published in 2016 as “The Tao te Ching: A Meta-analysis of Lao Tzu’s Classic Work”. The process of editing this gender-neutral, precise edition began in 1972 and took me and my advisory team over forty-four years to complete.



Here is entry #15 with an explanatory commentary

#15 That Which Reveals Virtue

The ancient ones who possessed a profound understanding of Tao

expressed a subtle and exquisite wisdom.

They possessed a way of being

that reflected their comprehension of Its mysteries.


Tao is so deep as to elude human knowledge

and its comprehension is beyond intellectual thinking.

The ancient ones moved carefully through “It” with great skill

as if they were crossing a frozen winter stream.

As they moved through “It” they were watchful,

like those aware of danger,

courteous like guests in awe of their host,

gently yielding like ice that is melting,

simple and unpretentious like wood that remained uncarved,

unshaped, and unsmoothed,

hollow as a cave, and opaque as a pool of muddy water.


Who can wait patiently as muddy water settles into clarity?

Who can remain completely still until the moment for action

arrives on its own?

Those who know Tao!

They do not want anything,

nor do they expect anything.

Since they are not seeking fulfillment they are not influenced by a

desire for change and are able to welcome all that comes about.


Commentary on entry #15

This entry goes to the core of the concept of Trikaranasuddhi, a word in the Sanskrit language, indicates the purity and unity of (1) thought (2) word and (3) deed, or a congruence amongst the trio. This has also been referred to as the purity and harmony of thought, speech, and action in many of the great wisdom teachings. There has been exploration about the linkage between Trikaranasuddhi, the way of the sage, and effectiveness in leadership.  The spiritual lore of India speaks about the existence of this congruence in great people (“Mahatma”) through the expression “Manassekam, Vachassekam, Karmanyekam Mahaatmanam”. “thought, word, and deed”.

We can spend years trying to understand Tao. We can dissect it, analyze it, discuss it with scholars, and theologians. It is all a waste of time.

Tao is so deep as to elude human knowledge

and its comprehension is beyond intellectual thinking.

To is pure and provides the path for the serious seeker to also be pure in the most gently yielding way”. In ways that are

simple and unpretentious like wood that remains uncarved,

unshaped, and unsmoothed, hollow as a cave, and opaque as a pool of muddy water.

There is really nothing else to do but live patiently and clarity in the moment through thought, word, and deed. Who can do this?

Those who know Tao!


For a more in-depth exploration of these ideas and to financially support my work through donations go to www.patreon.com/askLewis


Though I Blog here every a number of time per week, you can see my daily blogs on problem-solving, Eastern Wisdom, and game theory at https://www.patreon.com/AskLewis


These informational and entertaining postings will help you to be more effective, efficient, productive, and self-aware, consider learning game-based thinking and life strategies through Harrison’s Applied Game Theory (HAGT).

Also, please “Like” my fan page on Facebook at: https://www.facebook.com/AskLewis


Learn to free your inner visionary through game-based thinking and gamification through my book



Learn how to win at the game of life through my new book “How to Hack Your Life through Game Thinking”




If you have an interest in having a basic understanding of Applied Game Theory (and you need to) here is an interview I did with James Selman, a pioneer and innovator in Leadership research.


Just click below to watch the entire interview.


Listen here as Lewis explain the RealUGuru Project and how we can give up unnecessary struggle through visionary thinking in this insightful interview with award-winning journalist Phyllis Haynes about the RealUGuru Project



Liked it? Take a second to support Lewis Harrison on Patreon!